The easiest and most affordable treatments for symptoms associated with hemorrhoids can be made or performed at home or purchased over-the-counter. These include:
- Topical creams, ointments, or wipes (such as Tucks)
- Warm sitz baths (20 minutes in the tub after having a bowel movement)
- Using ice packs to help reduce swelling
- Maintaining proper anal and perianal hygiene
- Avoiding prolonged sitting when possible or using a cushion to ease pain and discomfort
- Having a bowel movement as soon as you feel the urge rather than holding it
- Not spending prolonged periods of time on the toilet and avoiding straining
- Avoiding heavy lifting or other activities that strain the abdominal muscles
Some people find it helpful to establish a bowel routine. This may include setting a specific time of day (such as after breakfast) to give themselves time to go to the bathroom and attempt to have a bowel movement.
While spending too much time on the toilet can lead to hemorrhoids, it's also important not to feel rushed or have incomplete bowel movements.
Several lifestyle changes and adjustments can be made to not just relieve the symptoms of hemorrhoids, but help prevent them from returning after treatment—or, these tips may even lessen someone's chance of getting hemorrhoids in the first place.
While certain factors (such as heredity) can't be changed, there are other risk factors for hemorrhoids that a person can change by proactively developing healthier habits.
- Have a healthy diet (plus fiber)
- Drink plenty of water